In 1972 Mr. Chernikov graduated from Omsk Higher Police School of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. Then he studied in the adjuncture of the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR.
In 1976 successfully defended his thesis for the degree of candidate of legal sciences. In 1995 he defended his thesis for a doctorate in law. In 1997 Mr. Chernikov was awarded the academic title of professor.
Mr. Chernikov is the Vice-Chairman and leading expert of the Scientific Advisory Board of Alliance Legal CG and he acts as the consultant in such areas as state and administrative law, law enforcement, intellectual property.
Since 2017, Mr. Chernikov has been the Deputy Chairman of the Expert Council under the Commissioner for Human Rights.
From 1975 to 1989, he was engaged in teaching activities at the Gorky Higher School of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs (now the Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia), where he consistently passed from teacher to deputy head of the university for scientific work.
From 1990 to 2011 he served in the central apparatus of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, heading all these years the legal service of the ministry.
He was directly involved in the development of all the main regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation regulating the sphere of protection of public order and the fight against crime, including the Laws: the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses, laws "About the Militia", "About the Police", "Operational Investigative Activities", "Departmental Protection", , "Private Detective and Security Activities in the Russian Federation", "Detention of Suspects and Accused of Committing Crimes", "Arms", "Citizenship of the Russian Federation", "Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation, the state of emergency, state fingerprinting in the Russian Federation, administrative supervision of persons released from places of deprivation of liberty, service in the bodies of internal affairs of the Russian Federation and amendments to certain legislative Acts of the Russian Federation", "Social Guarantees for Employees of the Internal Affairs Bodies of the Russian Federation and Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation".
Mr. Chernikov is the author and co-author of more than 280 scientific and methodological works, including 58 textbooks, monographs, comments teaching aids and lectures. Among them: "Russian law on the police" (1992), "The modern state system of property protection in the Russian Federation" (1994); "Public Administration in the Field of Internal Affairs" (1997); , "Theory of State and Law" (2001,2008), "Administrative Law of Russia" (1997, 2002), "Theory of Operative-Search Activity" (2006), "Judicial System, Law Enforcement Agencies, Special Services of Russia" (2001), "Judicial and law enforcement in the Russian supervisory bodies" (2002), "Private security activities: directory" (2005), "Shipbuilding and law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation" (2006), "Law enforcement agencies" (2011), "Personal self-defense weapon" (2017), comments on the Law of the Russian Federation "About the Militia "(2000, 2001, 2003,2004,2006,2008), comments to the Code of the Russian Federation on (2002,2004.), comments to the Law of the Russian Federation "On Operative-Search Activities" (1993,2006), comments to the Federal Law "About the Police" (2011,2012,2018), comment to the Federal Law "On Arms" (itemized) (2017), "The Lawyer's Deskbook" (2011); "Norm-setting: a scientific and practical guide" (2010,2014), "Legal Technology: Course of lectures" (2012, 2015)", textbook for high schools "Legal Engineering" (2016), "Federal Law "About the Police" in the schemes "(2014), textbook "Law Enforcement Bodies" (2016,2018).
He was awarded state and departmental awards, awards of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, Laureate of the highest legal award "Themis".